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「囚徒困境」有什么现实的例子?

时间:2021-11-25 12:25:03|浏览:

@Roland Xu

所说的案例太过……呃……经典了。

近期看到一个不如何经典然而确实非常有趣的案例,以飨各位:

Prisoner’s Dilemma Everywhere: Surge Pricing And The Uber Driver Strike


Uber Drivers tried to organize a strike to demand higher pay.

Uber drivers are competing with each for fares. The smaller the number of other drivers on the road, the greater the chance a driver get business. Also, when demand for rides outstrips supply of drivers, Uber might activate surge pricing to increase supply. Not only does a driver stand to get more business, he gets a higher fare/mile. The incentives to deviate from the strike are huge.

So, in Chicago, during the supposed strike, the number of Uber Drivers on the road was huge. Surge pricing was not activated because it was not necessary.

HT: An Uber driver.

一些美国的Uber司机计划进行一场罢工以提升我们的收入,譬如他们期望在APP上设置小费的选项,提升起步价和每公里价格,于是他们做了上面如此的海报。底下是教授的剖析:

Uber司机相互之间存在成本的角逐。在路上的其它司机越少,某位司机自己揽到客人的几率越高;同时,当汽车使用的需要远超司机的供给时,Uber会启动“浮动定价”来增加供给。所以一名司机不只可以获得更多的业务,而且每英里的成本还能提升。这给不参加罢工提供了非常强的勉励。
所以在芝加哥,在本应当是罢工的时间段,路上的Uber司机数目仍然很巨大,完全没必要启动”浮动定价“。
利益有关:Uber司机。

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